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Co-Evolution

 

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

During the decade Shangahai has experienced massive growth in economy, population, transport, consumption, and land use. The changes are causing massive strain in trems of pollution and congestion in Shanghai. The challenge is how to attract development and investment to the rual areas. We propose a new interpretation of suburbanism. The subcity combines the best of two worlds: a dense urban cluster wrapped in an attractive eco-nature. The project is a part of the Danish contribution to the Venice Biennale 2006 with the title CO-EVOLUTION and won the prestigious Golden Lion Award.

 

PROJECT DATA


Project name

Co-Evolution


Typology

Urbanism, Research


Location

Shanghai


Year

2006


Status

Research, Development


Size

240 Ha


Client

DAC


Collaborators

Tongji University, Carl Bro


Design team

Sinus Lynge, Tue Hesselberg Foged...


 
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Shanghai is the gateway to the west. It is a cosmopolitan paradise on stereoids, steaming ahead to become one of the world’s largest economic and commercial centers. For decades and without success, government planners have promoted decentralization to ease the load on the old city center.

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The inner city of Shanghai is exploding in density. Overpopulated and suffering from heavy congestion the city center must be dedensified. In other words the curve needs to be flattened. We propose to create a subcity to Shangahi. To move a bit of urbanity into rural area, relieving the core and urbanizing the periphery.

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The entire population of Denmark could live within the first ring road of Shanghai.

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While the center requires relief, the outskirts need urbanization. What will the suburban Shanghai look like?

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Shanghai urban area growth 1991 - 2003 / 2020? Shanghai sprawl? / Shanghai needs new sub cities, not suburbia

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The site is located in Jiading. The Car City of Shanghai, known for the car industry and trade. Today the area is characterized by industrial sprawl, but the ambition is to turn the former inustrial zone into a regional node for all car themed activities, combining production with service, trade, R&D, tourism and entertainment.

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The new city creates a giant logo, the Chinese symbol “Che”, the word for car.

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Site 245 ha with a Gross Density = FAR 1,5 + Densify the program into an urban island half nature and half urban.

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Connect to existing infrastructure + Drive a Scenic route around the city

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Bending the city outline maximizes the edge + Maximize programmatic and typological diversity

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The grid creates maximum connections to the landscape. Car sharing stations are place at vital entry points.

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Reuse excess soil from site preparation to recreate artificial nature + Connect the existing canals creating rivers and creeks.

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Connected to Shanghai metro line by a local light rail circuit + Regional connection to Jiading by bus rapid system.

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The dense urban grid optimizes accessibility and ensures that the surrounding landscape is always visible from the city. Plots of 100 X 40 meter define the subcity grid. It is a smaller version of traditional city grids creating a human scale urbanism.

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Earth energy systems take advantage of the steady state of the natural ground temperature. It is ideal in climates like Shanghai, where there is demand for both heating and cooling over the course of an annual cycle.

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